مروری کوتاه بر بهبود خواص ‌ضدباکتری و ‌مقاومت کاغذ با استفاده از کامپوزیت کربوکسی‌متیل ‌سلولوز-کیتوسان

نوع مقاله: تالیفی

نویسندگان

1 آموزش و پرورش

2 دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

چکیده

در سال‌های اخیر، استفاده از پلیمرها به‌عنوان مواد جدید، به‌دلیل مزایای آن‌ها نسبت به سایر مواد، افزایش درخور توجهی یافته است. به‌کاربردن پلیمرها روشی موفق برای تقویت خواص مقاومت شبکه‌های الیاف سلولوزی است. ساخت پلیمرهای جدید به کمک فناوری نانوشیمیایی، مانند مواد بسته‌بندی، راه حل مبتکرانه‌ای برای افزایش عملکرد پلیمرها و سطح سلامت است. همچنین، مزایای اقتصادی و زیست‌محیطی افزون‌تر، مانند کاهش انرژی مصرفی برای تولید و انتقال و نگه‌داری، افزایش زیست‌تخریب‌‌پذیری و کاهش حجم مواد دورریختنی را به‌همراه دارد. کیتوسان به‌دلیل فراوانی و مقرون به‌صرفه‌بودن در بسیاری از زمینه‌ها کاربرد یافته است. این ماده افزودنی در صنعت کاغذ به‌عنوان افزایش‌دهنده مقاومت در حالت خشک و عامل ضدمیکروب استفاده می‌شود. جذب سطحی کربوکسی‌متیل ‌سلولوز (CMC) روی الیاف کاغذ، باعث کاهش مقاومت آن می‌شود. بنابراین، کاربرد پلیمر کاتیونی کیتوسان همراه با کربوکسی‌متیل ‌سلولوز نتایج درخور توجهی را در بهبود مقاومت شبکه الیاف نشان داده است. هدف از این مقاله، مرور سازوکار ضدباکتری کربوکسی‌متیل ‌سلولوز-کیتوسان و عملکرد عوامل ضدباکتری این نانوساختار است. افزون بر این، ویژگی‌های مقاومتی کاغذهای بسته‌بندی و بهداشتی که تا کنون کمتر به آن‌ها توجه شده است، نیز بررسی می‌شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Brief Review on Improvement in Antibacterial and Strength Properties of Paper Using Carboxymethyl Cellulose/Chitosan Composite

نویسنده [English]

  • Habib Allah Sahragard.D 1
چکیده [English]

In recent years, the use of polymers as new materials compared to traditional substances has been significantly grown due to their numerous advantages. Utilization of polymers is a successful method for increasing resistance characteristics of cellulose fibers networks. Preparation of new polymers with the help of novel nanochemical technology as packaging materials is an innovative solution for increasing performance and obtaining healthy, economic, and environmental friendly materials with outstanding advantages such as saving energy consumption, increasing biodegradation capacity, and reducing waste materials. Chitosan has been used in many fields for being abundant and economical. Chitosan is used in paper industry as antimicrobial agent and additive to increase resistance in dry state. Adsorption of carboxymethyl cellulose on the surface of paper fiber reduces the resistance of paper fibers, therefore, the use of chitosan as a cationic polymer together with carboxymethyl cellulose results in an improvement in the resistance of fiber network significantly. In recent years a few researchers have focused of this subject, which is to examine the antibacterial mechanism of carboxymethyl cellulose/chitosan composite and its antibacterial performance and resistive characteristics in packaging and sanitary papers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Packaging
  • antibacterial activity
  • paper
  • carboxymethyl cellulose
  • Chitosan
 

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