عنوان مقاله [English]
Electrospinning has been developed as a common method to produce micro- and nanofibers in both laboratory and industrial areas due to its convenience, low cost and availability. In this method, continuous fibers are fabricated as a consequence of applying an external electrostatic field to a polymer solution or melt flow. Solvent-free melt electrospinning system has attracted interests in application fields such as solar cells, biotechnology, environment, and defense because it does not employ harmful toxic solvents. Melt electrospun fibers are larger in diameter than those obtained from solution electrospinning. In this regard, there are limited reports on the fabrication of nanofibers by melt electrospinning. With respect to the developments in fabrication of polymeric fibers used in different industries, in this study, a comprehensive literature review is presented on recent developments in melt electrospinning concerning instruments and its applications, and its differences with solution electrospinning.